Diagnostic Examinations
Disease Screenings

Although symptoms may not appear as dramatic as those from a fracture or other trauma, diseases and disorders can have an adverse effect on your feet, ankles, and lower legs. Some conditions are specific to your feet or lower legs, where other diseases, like diabetes, do not relate to your feet but can directly create very serious foot and leg problems such as diabetic peripheral neuropathy, ulcers, infections, and diseases of the circulation.

Screenings for these diseases and disorders can assist in determining proper treatment.

Importance of disease screenings

The sooner you are diagnosed with a disease or foot disorder, the more effective your treatment can be. Also, if caught early enough, you can reduce the severity of some complications that affect your feet and legs.

If you develop symptoms of any type of disease or foot disorder, you should be tested. You can be screened for various diseases, including arthritis and peripheral arterial disease, at your doctor's office.

Diseases and disorders affecting your feet, ankles, and lower legs

There are many diseases and disorders that can affect your feet. Some disorders are specific to the foot, ankle, or lower leg while others are diseases that can affect your entire body, and also can cause foot-related issues. Some diseases and disorders than can have an impact on your foot health include: 

  • Arthritis. 
  • Cancer. 
  • Diabetes. 
  • Fibromyalgia. 
  • Freiberg's Disease.
  • Gout.
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease. 
  • Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Raynaud's Disease. 
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Sever's Disease.

Overview of disease screenings

Not all diseases and disorders have specific medical screenings. For example, Freiberg's disease is often discovered after an x-ray is taken for another foot ailment.

However, there are numerous disease screening processes, including: 

  • Ankle-brachial index (ABI): A simple test that can be performed in your doctor's office, ABI is a reliable way to diagnose peripheral artery disease (PAD). 
  • Rheumatoid arthritis screening: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)  and other autoimmune disorders are often diagnosed through a series of checks, including: 
    • Your medical history. 
    • Lab tests.
    • X-rays. 
    • Physical examination. 
  • Diabetes tests: Various laboratory tests including tests for blood levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), and insulin resistance tests, can be used to diagnose diabetes.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy: Neurological screening and nerve fiber biopsies are examples of testing that can be performed to diagnose diabetic peripheral neuropathy. 
  • Gout screening: Blood tests and lab tests to analyze joint fluid can help diagnose gout. 

Other diseases and disorders can be found through physical examinations when symptoms are manifest.

If you are concerned that you may be affected by one of these disorders, or if you are suffering from pain and discomfort in your feet, ankles, or lower legs, visit your doctor for a medical screening.